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How to Lay Bluestone Pavers: A Step-by-Step Guide

3 July 2024

How to Lay Bluestone Pavers: A Step-by-Step Guide

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Bluestone pavers are renowned for their durability, natural beauty and versatility, making them a favoured choice for enhancing outdoor spaces such as patios, walkways and gardens. A variety of architectural styles, from rustic to contemporary, can be complemented by their rich blue-grey hues and varied textures. Along with being functional, Bluestone pavers are elegant and timeless, which makes them a great option for transforming any outdoor space.

This guide will walk you through each step, from planning and preparing the site to installing and finishing the pavers. The detailed instructions in this guide will help you achieve a professional-quality landscape, regardless of whether you are a seasoned DIY enthusiast or a first-time landscaper.

Step-by-Step Instructions for Laying Bluestone Pavers

To lay Bluestone pavers in an aesthetically pleasing and durable manner, careful planning and execution are required. Here is a detailed breakdown of each step to guide you through the process:

Size and Estimate the Area

Select your option for the design/block and pattern. The common layouts are running bond, herringbone and random patterns. The shape and size of the pavers should also be given an alternative when undertaking the layout.

You should use a tape measure to find the measurement of the place where you intend to install the pavers. To understand the number of pavers, gravel and sand that are needed, the total square footage will need to be computed.

Stakes and strings can be used to enclose the area. Make sure that the lines you draw are straight and that the corners formed by change in direction are at 90 degrees. It will provide information as to where excavation should take place and where paving stones should be laid down.

Excavate the Area

The depth of the overall excavation should be between 6 to 8 inches. This ranges from 4-6 inches of graded gravel, 1-2 inches of sand, and the thickness of the pavers.

It is recommended that you dig up the area using a shovel to clear the topsoil and any grass or vegetation present in the area. Make sure that the base is flat and should be slightly inclined to ensure that it drains well and should be some distance from the structures.

Employ a level to find out if the excavation is flat or not. Modifying where needed to provide substrate with a flat and even working surface.

Prepare the Base

Lay landscaping fabric over the whole area excavated to cover the complete area. This will minimize the weed’s growth and give strength to the base of the plant that it requires.

Lay down a 4-6 inch layer of gravel (crushed stone) on the fabric. Sprinkle the gravel using a rake.

Compact the gravel with a plate compactor if possible, and if not, then use a hand tamper. It is important to establish a good sub-base to prevent pavers from moving over time. Make sure it is level and, if not, level it out.

Add a Sand Layer

To lay Bluestone pavers on the Sand ypu need to pour another layer of 1-2 inches of gravel on top of the layer that was compacted. On top of that, ensure you level the sand by using a rake.

Lay the Bluestone Pavers

Lay the pavers starting from one corner of the given area right up to the outer edge of the area. Sometimes, alignment is brought to the next row and this keeps the pattern going on as planned.

Lightly lay each of the pavers onto the sand base. It is advised not to drag the pavers on the sand layer as this will mess up the level surface.

Next, it is recommended that one uses a rubber mallet to tap the pavers into position and ensures that all the pavers are level.

There should not be any irregularity in the distances between the pavers. It is recommended to use spacers or just look at the gaps to achieve uniformity between consecutive elements. This will leave the interface neat and professional, thus improving the appearance of the stone.

Install Edging

Choose Edging Material:

Edges can range from metallic troughs, either hard or soft plastic, to wooden. Choose the material that will be most effective for a certain style and won’t exceed the limit of your budget.

Install the Edging:

Lay down the edging next to the perimeter of the given area where the pavers will be installed. Stake or screw it as necessary, if needed the stovepipe must be secured. Edging assists in ensuring that pavers do not spread out by providing a manner in which they can be contained.

Fill the Joints

Push the sand with a broom against the joints of the paver, similar to the paver sand or polymeric sand used. Ideally, it should also be noted that the said sand should equally and optimally fill the joint space.

Rinse the entire area lightly with a garden hose for even better pressing of sand into the joints. Do it again as needed until all the joint areas are occupied by the material.

Settle and Compact the Pavers

Optional, but it is recommended to use a plate compactor to further settle the pavers evenly. This assists in sinking them well into the sand base and also ensures that everything is levelled on the ground.

The final step after compacting is to inspect the joints once more and apply sand if more is necessary. Also, you can use a broom to gather more of the sand masses into the joining seams.

Clean and Seal (Optional)

Sweep the Surface:

This should be followed by sweeping away any sand that could remain on the paver using a broom.

Apply Sealer: If necessary, it is recommended to use the sealer to boost the colour in the Bluestone pavers as well as prevent staining. After this, apply the manufacturer’s instructions on the application of the paint.

Maintenance Tips

Regular Sweeping: It requires constant cleaning; make sure to sweep the playback surface constantly to remove debris.

Replenish Joint Sand: See the joints occasionally and top up the sand whenever it is necessary to keep the stability going.

Prompt Stain Removal: In particular, to avoid increased contamination and the formation of definitive stains, remove such contaminants as soon as possible.

Inspect for Shifts: Check the pavers from time to time, and if some of them have moved a little off their original position, put them back in order. This helps level and hold the surface of the thin film well on the substrate.


If you carefully follow these steps, you will have a wonderful long-lasting Bluestone paver installation. Every step plays a crucial role in setting up a good base. Ensure that you are following the maintenance tips as required to keep the beauty of the stone intact. We at Stone Centre supply premium quality natural stones that will transform the look and feel of your space.

Want to know more? Visit our website or showroom to get the best deals.


1. How do I calculate the amount of Bluestone pavers needed for my project?

Answer: To calculate the number of Bluestone pavers needed, first measure the total area in square feet. Next, determine the size of each paver and how many will fit within the measured area.

2. What type of gravel should I use for the base?

Answer: You should use crushed stone or gravel with sharp edges, such as ¾-inch crushed stones, for the base of bluestone pavers. This will give you a stable foundation for the pavers. Avoid grounded gobel as they do not provide a stable base.

3. How thick should the sand layer be under the Bluestone pavers?

Answer: The sand layer should be 1-2 inches thick. Spread coarse sand evenly over the compacted gravel base and use a rake to level it.

4. Is it necessary to seal Bluestone pavers, and how often should it be done?

Sealing is optional, but it is recommended to seal the pavers in 2-3 years. It also depends upon the quality of the pavers you are using. It also depends upon factors like traffic and weather exposures.

Here are a few more blogs that will help you to learn more about Bluestone Pavers:

  1. Bluestone Pavers: Your Guide to Care and Maintenance Tips
  2. Granite vs. Bluestone: A Comparative Guide to Two Exceptional Building Materials
  3. Bluestone Paving - Crafting Outdoor Masterpieces
  4. Create a Stunning Outdoor Oasis with Bluestone Pavers

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