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Everything You Need to Know About - Granite

17 Jun 2024

Everything You Need to Know About - Granite

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What is Granite?

Granite is a kind of natural mineral product created through the cooling and formation of magma far below the earth’s terrain. It is composed mainly of three minerals: quartz, feldspar and mica. These minerals give Granite its specific character; depending on the combination of colours and delicate maze-like patterns, it can be of great variety. Granite is well-loved due to its strength and aesthetic, especially for construction and interior projects.

What is Granite Used for?

Granite stone is strong, hard-machinable and pleasing to the eye; thus, it is used in many areas, both inside and outside buildings. Here are some detailed uses:

Indoor Applications

Kitchen Countertops

Granite is preferred for kitchen countertops because it is heatproof. It is hard, cannot be scratched easily through knives or other cooking utensils, and is strong enough to withstand all the force common in kitchens.

Bathroom Vanities

Granite’s usability in bathrooms, wherein it is used often on top of vanities or countertops. The material does not easily wear out or get damaged due to contact with water and the high humidity levels associated with bathrooms; it is also not harmed by toiletries and cosmetics.

Flooring

Granite tiles are now widely used in most homes and business floors. They can provide a dense and tough surface that allows for quite abrasive use. It does not wear out easily from scratching and staining. Granite is widely used for flooring as it has a smooth appearance and gives a rich look to any part of the house, especially in the foyer, corridors and drawing room.

Wall Cladding

Granite is often used to cover walls, both as an interior and exterior cladding material. Indoor, they can be used to develop exquisite purposely built walls or the walls surrounding a fireplace for instance. Outside, Granite cladding provides a durable and weather-resistant surface that enhances the building’s appearance and protects it from the elements.

Outdoor Applications

Paving Stones

They are the best material for paving Granite since it is a hard stone that will not succumb to harsh weather conditions. This material can handle this by allowing people to walk on it using their feet and remain strong and resist the rotting effects of the weather. Granite pavers are normally used in pathways, driveways and patios because they appear very natural and have an aristocratic appearance, as they are made from the surface of the earth.

Garden Furniture

It is also used in the construction of strong beautiful furniture for gardens; including benches, garden tables and stools. However, its primary and unique quality of not weathering implies that it can be left outside all year round and easily overcome the ravages of the rain, sun or frost. With features that make it appear long-lasting, Granite garden furniture brings class and permanency to the exterior environment.

Retaining Walls and Edging

Granite pavers can be used in landscaping and specific applications like retaining walls since they aid in the management of soil erosion and help create level areas in the garden where the terrain is uneven. It can also be seen on marking garden beds, pathways, and any other outdoor region that may be of importance, creating clean edges.

Decorative Elements

Granite can also be used in the manufacture of decorative works for the outdoors, including fountains, sculptures and tiles for paving. These items use Granite texture uniquely and effectively because this material is quite sturdy, thus adding functional and decorative elements to outdoor spaces.

Outdoor Kitchens and Barbecue Areas

When it comes to outside cooking areas such as kitchens and barbecues, then the Granite countertop is the most appropriate since it can stand the heat of outside cooking. They are easy to clean and maintain, which makes them a popular choice for any outside dining area or outside socialising space.

The Advantages and Benefits of Granite

1. Durability

Granite is a very hard rock material and does not chip or scratch easily. This means it can handle a lot of wear and tear without showing significant damage. This is for areas with heavy foot traffic, like walkways, driveways, hallways, kitchens, or commercial spaces. Granite flooring is particularly beneficial because it can endure constant use without losing its integrity or appearance.

2. Aesthetic Appeal

Granite is unique due to its look, which is as natural as it can get. It is available in a variety of shades. You will get to know more about the colour variation as you read further. This variety allows homeowners and designers to choose from a wide range of styles to match any interior décor. Whether you prefer a sleek, modern look or a more traditional, rustic ambience, there’s likely a type of Granite that fits your aesthetic preferences.

3. Easy Maintenance

This material is easy to care for and that is one of the beautiful aspects of Granite that makes it very useful in homes. After it is well sealed, it becomes difficult for anything to adhere to the surface, hence making it easy to clean and does not support the growth of bacteria which makes it so appropriate for kitchens and bathroom floors. Maintenance is easy—mostly, you just clean it with a wet cloth and mild soap to have it always look its best. It must be resealed from time to time to retain its ability to repel any liquid from spilling and staining on the material.

4. Value Addition

Granite is one of those materials people prefer to have in their homes because it adds to the potential value of the property. Generally, people associate Granite with quality and luxury in their properties, which may increase their interest in buying any property with Granite surfaces.

5. Versatility

Granite’s versatility is another major benefit. It works well in a variety of settings:

Indoor Use: Granite can be used for countertops, vanities, flooring and wall cladding. Its durability and beauty make it suitable for both functions inside the home.

Outdoor Use: Granite is resistant to weathering, so it’s perfect for outdoor applications like garden paths, patios and kitchens. It can withstand the elements without losing its structural integrity or aesthetic appeal.

What Types of Granite Do We Have at Stone Centre?

Pavers: Granite pavers are mostly the ones that are used for outdoor space. It is thicker than tiles. It ranges from 30mm to above. Some of the pavers’ measurements that we offer are 610x300x30mm and above.

Tiles:Granite Tiles are used for indoor flooring or walling. They have a thickness of 20mm. Some of the tile measurements that we offer are 600x400x20mm and 800x400x20mm.

Pool Coping: Granite Pool coping is used for the edge of any swimming pool. Here are the ones that we offer: 610x406x30mm Bullnose and 600x400x70/30mm Drop Edge.

Our Range of Granite Tiles and Pavers

Raven Black

Raven Black Granite contains deep grey-black tones and can be used for paving and patios, making it a top choice for high-traffic density areas such as driveways. It perfectly suits any architecture with its elegance. This product is suitable for driveways and walkways due to its unique surface texture and its ability to provide high slip-resistance coefficients in wet and dry conditions.

This Granite has a high density; it bears the test of weather and the colour still retains its brightness for use and is very strong enough to give a solid base. For any attractive and sturdy appearance, compare no other than the Raven Black Granite as the ideal solution for decoration and construction.

Ocean Grey

It comes in soft, grey tones, which are perfect for anyone wanting to subdue strong contrast or mix it with just about any other hue, including wood tones. With an exfoliated and flamed finish, these stones effortlessly complement any sophisticated ambience. Ocean Grey Granite, typically used to pave driveways and paths, offers elegance, drama and dimensionality that is hard to beat.

Carbon Black

Carbon Black Granite is a stunning and robust natural stone, ideal for both interior and exterior designs. Its glossy, deep black finish is perfect for a modern classic style, adding beauty and safety, especially around swimming pools. Known for its density and durability, it withstands high traffic without chipping or damage, making it perfect for driveways, garages, hallways and foyers.

Sesame Grey

Sesame Grey is a stunning and strong speckled Granite with an ash-grey coloured background and an attractive blue tinge that is best suited for outside application. The strength and flexibility of this type of stone also make it suitable for use in both classic and modern home designs such as patios, driveways and compound flooring. Its low maintenance feature makes it possible for it to survive in areas with high foot traffic and extreme weather conditions while keeping up with the look.

Silver Grey

The name Silver Grey Granite is supposed to represent elegance and taste – and this is exactly what this stone embodies. Despite its simplicity, it is slightly overbearing, its light grey and pepper finish gives it a happy tune that is timeless. This Granite is quite strong, it can handle all complicated weather conditions and it doesn’t become slippery. Therefore, it has endless applications when it comes to interior and exterior design.

Highland Grey

Highland Grey Granite is also well-suited for exterior applications due to its outstanding resistance to wear and tear, and its lustrous light grey colour. It is even more beautiful in natural light, and in extremes of climate, it will fare well. Thus, it is perfect for enhancing a place’s style and providing a slip-resistant surface at the same time, making it a good choice for having an exterior that looks as good as it did when it was first installed.

Honey Jasper

Honey Jesper Granite is simply amazing. Its golden shades with classy browns and subdued grey tones complement the lights instantly, making it stand out among the vast selection of stones. The exfoliated finish provides a sandstone with a rough texture surface for better grip and safety in pool surrounding areas or commercial complexes. Honey Jesper also provides durability and strength. It is one of the hardest rocks, which means you need little maintenance and cleaning.

Jesper Red

Jesper Red Granite is a tough Limestone material used for versatile interior solutions due to its rich, deep burgundy colour with black streaks and white veins. The material is colourful, which makes it ideal for large spaces, especially if the supporting interior is simply coloured. This Granite will serve well for paved areas such as patios, drives, pathways and external cladding because it is both strong and visually pleasing.

Juparana Granite

Granite is suitable for the enhancement of exterior designs because of its features, which include the creation of natural looks and the ability to withstand the test of time. Its small grain or pattern gives it a beautiful natural look, making it suitable for pathways, patios and garages. Granite is a hard surface that can support a lot of weight and can also withstand different weather conditions, meaning that the material is fit for long-term use in a given climate or style.

For a warm, inedible and highly durable approach to an entry path, a patio or outdoor eating area, or even a driveway, Juparana Granite is the ideal choice. This justifies its use in any exteriors since it is value for the money, and the end products look exquisite and welcoming.

Samson Grey

Samson Grey Granite is an extremely beautiful stone. It is described by its rich silvery-grey colour tone with a dark grey background and black sparkle. It adds a rich, vibrant feel to outdoor spaces and is incredibly resilient to weather and chemicals – meaning it won’t be damaged easily and will keep surfaces looking beautiful for a long time. Whether you want to create an unmatched and specifically magnificent driveway or just to give some uniqueness to the patio, Samson Grey Granite is indeed the right choice to make.

Austral Verde

Austral Verde Granite gives a real sense of calm light green colour coupled with the essence of the flamed finish from which it originates. These have soft grey patterns that ensure that they do not slip, instead have a great grip that is perfect for pathways, patios and driveways. One of its features is its surface appeal, which blends very well with pastel lighting, giving it a classy look.

Why is Granite Good for Flooring?

1. Durability

Granite is an excellent choice as it is one of the hardest natural stones, especially for the heavily trafficked regions of the home, such as the hallways, the kitchen and the working areas. Granite flooring is most appropriate in this regard because it does not wear out easily and retains its looks throughout.

2. Scratch and Stain Resistance

Due to its hardness, Granite is highly resistant to scratches and other types of weight. Additionally, when properly sealed, Granite is resistant to stains, which is beneficial in high-use areas like kitchens and hallways.

2. Aesthetic Versatility

The natural deep, attractive look can be regarded as one of the benefits that may be the strongest sides of Granite. Every stone has its distinct pattern, colour, and texture. These paving stones are known for its unique beauty. This variety can be used to select an appealing style that complements the interior and exterior of the home. The grain of Granite makes it stand out and it can be used in any room with distinction.

3. Low Maintenance

Granite flooring can be said to require very minimal maintenance compared to other stones. Its non-porous surface means it does not easily absorb spills, reducing the risk of staining. Regular sweeping and occasional mopping with a mild cleaner is typically all that is needed to keep the floor looking pristine. Further, Granite is anti-bacterial and anti-allergenic, making for a healthier interior for any home, building or space.

4. Heat Resistance

Granite is chemical resistant and can easily withstand high temperatures; hence, it is perfect for places that are hotter than usual. In kitchens, where hot pots and pans may come into contact with the floor, Granite can withstand the heat without being damaged. This property also makes Granite adequate for the areas that contain fireplaces or sunrooms where extreme heat may be a factor.

Factors to Keep in Mind While Using Granite

When using Granite for any purpose of flooring, there are certain tips that when in mind will help one to get the best out of the material. Here is a detailed look at each factor:

1. Sealing

Granite, though relatively non-porous, can still absorb liquids if not properly sealed. Sealing the stone helps to maintain its resistance to stains and enhances its longevity. It’s essential to:

Initial Sealing: The first thing that will be done on the new Granite floors is to apply a quality sealant to act as a barrier.

Regular Resealing: The frequency of resealing especially when the Granite is used in heavy usage areas or what type of Granite you bought may require resealing every one to three years.

2. Installation

It is recommended that professional help be sought for installing Granite flooring to make sure that the flooring is durable and appealing to the eye. Here’s why:

Precision: Unlike in rough works, professionals have the appropriate equipment and ability to cut the Granite seamlessly; hence no gaps or uneven surfaces are left.

Proper Adhesion: Proper installation techniques guarantee the Granite lays well on top of the subfloor and is not a weak point in terms of tiles moving or cracking.

Structural Integrity: The Subfloor cannot be inspected or pre-treated by an expert to ensure that there are no future issues that should arise.

3. Matching

Choosing the right colour and pattern of Granite is essential to ensure it complements your overall design scheme.

Colour Coordination: Granite has a sample of hues ranging from basic neutral colours such as white, grey, black and so on to radical rock colours such as red and brown among others. Choose the one that complements the design of your room or one that keeps with the colour scheme.

Pattern Consideration: Granite has a very non-uniform pattern and grain; thus the veining and patterns of Granite differ a lot. Select a colour that matches or complements the existing decor.

4. Cost

Granite can be an expensive option, so budgeting for both the material and installation is important.

Material Costs: Granite prices differ depending on the colour, pattern and thickness of the stone. Stepping to an exotic kind or a thicker piece will be more reasonable.

Installation Costs: Hiring professional services is likely to cost more money as compared to undertaking the project on your own. In addition, it includes the people who will be working, such as workers, as well as other building materials, such as grout and adhesive.

Long-term Value: Hence, the initial cost of incorporating Granite into your home can appear expensive, however, it has the potential to be expensive over time since it is durable and has a timeless look that enhances the value of our property.

Granite Maintenance Tips

To preserve the appearance and functionality of Granite flooring, regular maintenance is essential:

Daily Cleaning: If you have large floor tiles, be sure to sweep or vacuum frequently to avoid the accumulation of gritty particles that may scratch the surface.

Spill Management: Wipe up spills promptly to prevent staining. Even sealed Granite can be susceptible to stains if spills are left for too long.

Gentle Cleaning Products: Clean with agents selected specifically for use on natural stones that will not be too acidic or alkaline. Do not use harsh chemicals like those with acidic properties as they may damage the car’s surface and also impact the sealant’s condition.

Periodic Deep Cleaning: Sometimes, a number of steps, in addition to the basic cleaning, might have to be taken to get rid of stubborn stains.

Step-by-Step Process of Granite Installation

1. Measure and Plan

Accurate Measurements: Measure the area where the Granite will be installed. This includes length, width and any irregularities in the space.

Layout Planning: A layout plan should consider seam placement and how the pattern will flow. Ensure that cuts are minimised and placed in less conspicuous areas if possible.

2. Choose a Granite Pavers or Tiles

Choose the type of Granite and the pattern you would wish to use on the exterior of your home.

Selection Process: We at Stone Centre offer services where a customer can visit and select the Tiles as they want.

Consistency: Ensure that the tiles & pavers you choose come from the same lot to maintain colour and pattern consistency throughout the installation.

3. Prepare the Surface

In the process of installation, one must select a clean surface that has been polished to a level.

Surface Cleaning: To prepare the surface for the underlayment, sweep or wipe the subfloor or the countertop base to the floor, including dust, dirt or grease.

Leveling: Check for levelness. If the surface is not flat, apply a levelling material over it to cover the irregularities and elevate the level. This serves as the final stage in preventing any future cracking or shifting of the structure.

4. Cut the Tiles and Pavers

Assemble the Granite to meet the size we wanted and the size of the tabletop.

Measurement Verification: It will be good to double-check all measurements before cutting to avoid making mistakes that could be costly to the business.

Cutting Tools: Employ a wet saw that has an appropriate blade while cutting through the surface for functional and clean edges. Equipment that will be useful when practising includes goggles and gloves, among others.

Edge Shaping: If needed, trim with a router and a diamond-tipped blade to the required edge profile (i. e., beveled or rounded edges, etc.).

5. Apply adhesive

Fix the Granite with an appropriate retainer to ensure that it is fixed firmly in position.

Adhesive Choice: Choose a glue specifically for Granite or stone, usually a thin-set mastic mortar or epoxy mortar.

Application: Apply the adhesive to the substrate using a straight trowel or a bolster to achieve wide contact areas without any gaps because the adhesive will crack.

6. Position the Pavers

Lay the Granite down and bend as required until it fits well.

Positioning: After that, position the Granite pavers on top of the adhesive, starting from one side and ending at the other to reduce the formation of air bubbles.

Adjustment: Lightly hammer the Granite to check that it has settled well and is levelled on the furniture. In the case of using tiles, ensure equal spacing between them using appropriately sized spacers.

7. Seal the Edges

Sealing Compound: Apply a clear, penetrating sealer to the edges that seem to protect against moisture and stains.

Grouting: The spaces where the Granite tiles are adjacent to each other must be grouted with high-quality grout.

9. Clean Up

Use a scraper to make sure that all the adhesive is scraped off, and then clean the area properly.

Adhesive Removal: Another important measure is taking time to ensure that there is no trace of adhesive that may have come out when they were applying the sheets.

Final Cleaning: This is followed by a thorough cleanup using a soft cloth and a stone cleaner to ensure that there are no traces of residue left.

Inspection: One should always monitor the facts, whether the instalment is levelled or some spaces are not normal, and should solve for the same.

What is the Average Cost of Granite?

The average Granite cost, be it for pavers or tiles, is measured in mm, that is, meter squared. It varies depending on the following aspects:

  1. Colour

  2. Thickness of the pavers or tiles

  3. Grade, i.e. is it Premium, Commercial or Standard

  4. Additional supplies like grout and adhesive are not included in the price per m2.

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